Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway
|Crown Prince of Norway 05|
|Born||Haakon Magnus of Norway|
(1973-07-20) 20 July 1973
The National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
|Father||Harald V of Norway|
|Norwegian royal family|
HH Princess Astrid, Mrs. Ferner
Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈhôːkʊn]; Haakon Magnus; born 20 July 1973) is the second child and only son of King Harald V and Queen Sonja, and heir apparent to the throne of Norway. He represents the fourth generation of the sitting Norwegian royal family of the House of Glücksburg.
Haakon has an older sister, Princess Märtha Louise. For members of the royal family born between 1971 and 1990, the order of succession to the throne is set according to patrilineal primogeniture; accordingly, Haakon became Crown Prince when his father ascended the throne on 17 January 1991 upon the death of his grandfather Olav V.
In 2001, Haakon married Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby with whom he has two children; Princess Ingrid Alexandra, and Prince Sverre Magnus. The Skaugum Estate, situated in the area of Semsvannet, is the official residence of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess.
Haakon holds a military as well as civil education. He completed his training for Naval Officer in the Norwegian Armed Forces in 1995. He holds a BA in political science from the University of California, Berkeley (1999) and an MSc in development studies from the London School of Economics (2004). As Crown Prince, he is a general in both the Norwegian Army and the Royal Norwegian Air Force, as well as being an admiral in the Royal Norwegian Navy.
Family and early life
Haakon was born on 20 July 1973 at The National Hospital in St. Hanshaugen, Oslo, the only son and younger child of Crown Prince Harald and Crown Princess Sonja. His father was the son of the reigning Norwegian monarch, King Olav V. At birth he was named Haakon Magnus, and it was stressed in the announcement that he would go by the name Haakon. He was named in honor of his paternal great-grandfather, King Haakon VII, and his maternal uncle Haakon Haraldsen. When Haakon was only 17, his grandfather Olav died on 17 January 1991, leading to the ascension of his father as King Harald V and himself as crown prince.
Haakon has one sibling, Princess Märtha Louise of Norway (born 1971). In 1990, the Norwegian constitution was altered, granting absolute primogeniture to the Norwegian throne, meaning that the eldest child, regardless of gender, takes precedence in the line of succession. This was not, however, done retroactively (as, for example, Sweden had done in 1980), meaning that Haakon continues to take precedence over his older sister.
His godmother is Anne, Princess Royal.
Education and military
He attended and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from the University of California, Berkeley in 1999. Haakon later attended lectures at the University of Oslo and took the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs' civil servant introductory course in 2001. He completed his education in 2003 at the London School of Economics, where he was awarded an MSc in development studies, specializing in international trade and Africa.
Marriage and children
Haakon married a commoner and single mother Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby on 25 August 2001, at Oslo Cathedral. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark was the best man. When the engagement between Crown Prince Haakon and Høiby was announced, many Norwegians felt that his choice of wife was inappropriate. This was primarily about her being a single mother, but information concerning her involvement in the rave scene in Oslo, which included a significant drug-subculture, also added to the controversy. In addition, the father of her child was convicted of drug-related offences. In a heartfelt press conference before the wedding the bride explained her past, saying among other things that her youthful rebelliousness might have been stronger than most young people. The issue of Mette-Marit's past was an ongoing discussion in Norwegian public discourse in the early years after their engagement and marriage
The couple have two children together: Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (born 21 January 2004 at Oslo University National Hospital in Oslo) and Prince Sverre Magnus (born 3 December 2005 in Oslo University National Hospital in Oslo). Haakon is also the stepfather to Mette-Marit's son, Marius Borg Høiby.
From 25 November 2003 to 12 April 2004, Haakon was regent during the King's treatment for cancer and the subsequent convalescence period. Likewise, Haakon was regent from 29 March 2005 until the King had fully recovered from the heart surgery he underwent on 1 April. This period ended on 7 June.
In addition to his official duties, Haakon has a strong interest in cultural matters. He also has given patronage to a number of organisations. In 2006, Haakon was one of three founders of Global Dignity, alongside Pekka Himanen and John Hope Bryant. Global Dignity is an independent, non-political organization that, according to their guiding principles, seeks to help people "fill their dreams and potential in life" and promotes "the belief that everyone deserves to live a life of dignity." Members of the organization include entrepreneurs Sir Richard Branson and Sandro Salsano.
In 2003, the Crown Prince was appointed as Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). In 2013, Crown Prince Haakon established the SIKT conference. The Crown Prince attends the annual conference of the Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO), and met the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) for an introduction in the Tripartite cooperation in 2016.
Crown Prince Haakon was a member of the Young Global Leaders network from 2005 until 2010. From 2010 until 2017, the Crown Prince served as a member of the Young Global Leaders Foundation Board.
Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit established The Crown Prince and Crown Princess's Foundation. He is a patron of 4H Norge, ANSA, The Ibsen Stage Festival, Nordland Music Festival, and several other organizations. In 2017, he became a patron of the Norwegian Refugee Council.
Haakon was involved in several sports and seemed to take a particular liking to windsurfing and surfing. However, he has not engaged in serious competitions. Haakon is known as a big music fan. When he was younger, he attended music festivals all over Europe, including the Roskilde Festival in Denmark and the Quart Festival in Kristiansand, Norway.
He has also been part of Olympics ceremonies. In 1994, the Crown Prince and his father played roles during the opening ceremony in Lillehammer: while the King declared the Games opened, the Crown Prince lit the cauldron, paying tribute to his father and grandfather having served as Olympians. In 2016, his daughter Princess Ingrid Alexandra did the same at the II Winter Youth Olympics, which was also held in Lillehammer. In 2010, Haakon attended the opening ceremony of the Winter Olympics in Vancouver.
He accompanied the band Katzenjammer in their recording of the song "Vi tenner våre lykter" (for the 2011 Christmas-themed album of the same name). Proceeds benefited "Their Royal Highnesses The Crown Prince and Crown Princess funds."
Titles, styles, honours and awards
- 20 July 1973 – 17 January 1991: His Royal Highness Prince Haakon of Norway
- Since 17 January 1991: His Royal Highness The Crown Prince of Norway
Honours and medals
National honours and medals
- Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Saint Olav °
- Grand Cross of Order of Merit °
- Defence Service Medal with Laurel Branch °
- Royal House Centennial Medal °
- Olav V's Commemorative Medal °
- Olav V's Jubilee Medal °
- Olav V's Centenary Medal °
- King Harald V's Jubilee Medal 1991-2016
- Royal Norwegian Navy Service Medal °
- Norwegian Reserve Officers' Association Badge of Honour °
- Naval Society Medal of Merit in gold °
- Oslo Military Society Badge of Honour in Gold °
- Austria: Grand Decoration in Gold with Sash of the Order of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
- Brazil: Grand Cross of the Order of the Southern Cross
- Bulgaria: Grand Cross of the Order of the Balkan Mountains
- Denmark: Knight of Order of the Elephant ° (20 July 1991)
- Estonia: Member 1st Class of Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana ° (10 April 2002)
- Estonia: Member 1st Class of Order of the White Star (26 August 2014)
- Finland: Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose °
- Germany: Grand Cross 1st Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany °
- Iceland: Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon.
- Italy: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic ° (20 September 2004)
- Japan: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum
- Jordan: Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance
- Latvia: Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the Three Stars (20 September 2000) °
- Latvia: Recipient of the 1st Class of Cross of Recognition ° (12 March 2015)
- Lithuania: Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great ° (23 March 2011) °
- Luxembourg: Grand Cross of the Order of Adolph of Nassau °
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross with Swords of the Order of Orange-Nassau °
- Netherlands: HM King Willem-Alexander Investiture Medal
- Poland: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland ° (16 September 2003)
- Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Infante Henry ° (13 February 2004)
- Slovenia: Recipient of Golden Order for Merits ° (6 November 2019)
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III ° (26 May 2006)
- Sweden: Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim °
- 14 August Committee's Bridge Building Prize 2011
- Olympic Games : Lighter of the Olympic Cauldron; 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, opened by his father, King Harald V.
- A horse race bears his name, Kronprins Haakons Pokalløp. It is held every year in June, at Drammen Travpark.
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- (translation of title: – The couple, the Crown Prince and Crown Princess, are doing political work) "- Kronprinsparet driver politisk arbeid"