Old Stock Americans
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States 07 and Canada|
|Christianity (primarily Protestantism, with some Catholicism in Maryland)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|British, English, Welsh, Scots, Ulster-Scots, Old Stock Canadians, Anglo-Celtic Australians, European New Zealanders, Anglo-Indians, British diaspora in Africa|
Old Stock Americans, Pioneer Stock, or Anglo-Americans, are Americans who are descended from the original settlers of the Thirteen Colonies of mostly British ancestry who emigrated to British America in the 17th and the 18th centuries.
Settlement in the colonies
Between 1700 and 1775, the overwhelming majority of migrants to the colonies (around 75%) were Britons of varying ethnic backgrounds such as English, Scottish, Welsh, and Ulster-Scots with initial settlements focused on the colonial hearths of Virginia, New England and Bermuda under Elizabeth I, James VI and I and Charles I. Populations of Huguenots, Dutch, Swedes, and Germans arrived before 1776 mostly as fellow royal subjects, but the majority were from Great Britain (having been influenced by republican ideals during the Commonwealth of England and the Protectorate). By 1776 there were between 2 and 2.5 million colonists in the Thirteen Colonies.
19th century to present
Until the second half of the 20th century, Old Stock Americans dominated American culture and politics. Thousands of Germans and Irish immigrated to the rapidly industrializing United States during the 19th century and were met with strong opposition from the majority Protestant and temperance movement-minded Old Stock, who were anti-immigration and anti-Catholic.
Regardless of ancestral origin, English-speaking, native-born white Americans, were referred to[by whom?] as "Anglos" or "native Americans" (not to be confused with indigenous Americans). US settlers arriving in droves to the newly acquired, formerly French Louisiana, Spanish Florida, and Spanish colonies (California, Texas, and New Mexico with Arizona), whether they were native born or of European origin, were labelled as "Anglos.”
- 19th-century Anglo-Saxonism
- A History of the English-Speaking Peoples
- Albion's Seed
- American ancestry
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- Americanism (ideology)
- Americans or American people
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- Colonial families of Maryland
- Demographic history of the United States
- English (ethnic group)
- English Americans
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- First Families of Virginia
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- Henry Hudson
- Historical racial and ethnic demographics of the United States
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- Who Are We? The Challenges to America's National Identity
- William Penn
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- Lichtman, Alan J. (2000). Prejudice and the Old Politics: The Presidential Election of 1928. Lexington Books. ISBN 9780739101261. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- Byrne, Julie. "Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America". National Humanities Center. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- Bill. "AN ANTI-CATHOLIC LAW'S TROUBLING LEGACY". Catholic League. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- Reimers, David (2005). Other Immigrants: The Global Origins of the American People. NYU Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780814775349. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
- Berkin, Carol; Miller, Christopher; Cherny, Robert; Gormly, James; Egerton, Douglas (2010). Making America: A History of the United States, Volume 2: From 1865, Brief. Cengage Learning. p. 448. ISBN 9780618471416. Retrieved October 24, 2019.